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quarta-feira, 25 de junho de 2014

Como forçar o uso de módulos SFP em equipamentos Cisco

A frequent problem with Cisco's new line of Catalyst switches is that they do not support 3rd party SFPs - or at least they seem they don't :)

If you've just replaced your network switches and tried using any 3rd party SFPs to connect your network backbone, you'll quickly stumble across an error similar to the following:
%PHY-4-UNSUPPORTED_TRANSCEIVER: Unsupported transceiver found in Gi1/0/0
%GBIC_SECURITY_CRYPT-4-VN_DATA_CRC_ERROR: GBIC in port 65538 has bad crc
Congratulations!  The Catalyst switch has just disabled the GBIC port! This happens because Cisco Catalyst switches are configured by default not to work with non-Cisco SFPs.

When a SFP is inserted into a switch's GBIC port, the switch immediately reads a number of values from the SFP and if it doesn't like what it sees, it throws the above error message and disables the port. 

All SFP modules contain a number of recorded values in their EEPROM and include:

  • Vendor Name
  • Vendor ID
  • Serial Number
  • Security Code
  • CRC


Despite the error displayed, which leaves no hope for a solution, keep smiling as you're about to be given one.
There are two undocumented commands which can be used to force the Cisco Catalyst switch to enable the GBIC port and use the 3rd party SFP:
3750G-Stack(config)# service unsupported-transceiver

Warning: When Cisco determines that a fault or defect can be traced to
the use of third-party transceivers installed by a customer or reseller,
then, at Cisco's discretion, Cisco may withhold support under warranty or
a Cisco support program. In the course of providing support for a Cisco
networking product Cisco may require that the end user install Cisco
transceivers if Cisco determines that removing third-party parts will
assist Cisco in diagnosing the cause of a support issue.

3750G-Stack(config)# no errdisable detect cause gbic-invalid
When entering the service unsupported-transceiver command, the switch will automatically throw a warning message as a last hope to prevent the usage of a 3rd party SFP.
The no errdisable detect cause gbic-invalid command will help ensure the GBIC port is not disabled when inserting an invalid GIBC.
Since the service unsupported-transceiver  is undocumented, if you try searching for the command with the usual method (?), you won't find it:
3750G-Stack(config)# service ?
compress-config              Compress the configuration file
  config                             TFTP load config files
  counters                         Control aging of interface counters
  dhcp                               Enable DHCP server and relay agent
  disable-ip-fast-frag           Disable IP particle-based fast fragmentation
  exec-callback                   Enable exec callback
  exec-wait                       Delay EXEC startup on noisy lines
  finger                            Allow responses to finger requests
  hide-telnet-addresses     Hide destination addresses in telnet command
  linenumber                    enable line number banner for each exec
  nagle                             Enable Nagle's congestion control algorithm
  old-slip-prompts             Allow old scripts to operate with slip/ppp
  pad                              Enable PAD commands
  password-encryption      Encrypt system passwords
  password-recovery        Disable password recovery
  prompt                         Enable mode specific prompt
  pt-vty-logging               Log significant VTY-Async events
  sequence-numbers        Stamp logger messages with a sequence number
  slave-log                      Enable log capability of slave IPs
  tcp-keepalives-in          Generate keepalives on idle incoming network connections
  tcp-keepalives-out       Generate keepalives on idle outgoing network connections
  tcp-small-servers         Enable small TCP servers (e.g., ECHO)
  telnet-zeroidle             Set TCP window 0 when connection is idle
  timestamps                 Timestamp debug/log messages
  udp-small-servers       Enable small UDP servers (e.g., ECHO)

3750G-Stack(config)# service 
The same applies for the no errdisable detect cause gbic-invalid command. 

We tried both service unsupported-transceiver  & no errdisable detect cause gbic-invalid commands on 2960G, 3560G, 3750G, 4507R and 4507R-E Catalyst switches and all accepted the commands without a problem. In fact if the Catalyst switch is running IOS 12.2(25)SE and above, the undocumented commands are available.


There are mixed feelings about this. We certainly do not recommend using non-Cisco SFP's in production environments, however in a lab environment, its most probably a cheap way out. 

When using 3rd party GBICs, one must keep in mind that Cisco TAC will not provide any support for problems related to the SFPs as they are totally unsupported. Here is a small portion from the Cisco Catalyst 3750G Q&A that refers to the usage of 3rd party SFP modules on the switch:
Q. Do the Cisco Catalyst 3750 Series Switches interoperate with SFPs from other vendors?

A. Yes, starting from 12.2(25)SE release, the user has the option via CLI to turn on the support for 3rd party SFPs. However, the Cisco TAC will not support such 3rd party SFPs. In the event of any link error involving such 3rd party SFPs the customer will have to replace 3rd party SFPs with Cisco SFPs before any troubleshooting can be done by TAC.


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